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Brockenhurst history - an introduction

The water splash has been a picturesque feature of Brockenhurst for a great many years
The water splash has been a picturesque feature
of Brockenhurst for a great many years

Brockenhurst has a long and colourful history, including a tradition that badgers, or brocks, as they are often called, lent their name to the village.

Not everybody is convinced, however, even though badgers are common local residents, for many consider it more likely that the name comes from a remarkably similar pre-Norman Conquest version, Brocenhyrst, which refers to a ‘broken wooded hill’, as in a hill intersected by streams or featuring many clearings.

But whatever the name derivation, Brockenhurst is an ancient place. In fact, Brockenhurst has reputedly the oldest church in the New Forest – that dedicated to St. Nicholas, on the outskirts of the village. The presence of a church in Brockenhurst was mentioned in the Domesday Book of 1086 – Brockenhurst was then called Broceste - and was the only New Forest church recorded.

Within the church, evidence of Saxon and Norman work remains, although much of the building is of later date. And in the best of traditions, beside the porch stands a magnificent yew tree that is said to be over 1,000 years old.

Close to Brockenhurst Parish Church is Brockenhurst House, set apart from the village in its splendid parkland environment. Back in 1789, Richardson, King and Driver on the first reasonably accurate, relatively large scale map of the New Forest showed the house as occupied by Edwd. Morant Esqr, then newly arrived in the village with wealth from sugar plantations in Jamaica.

Brookley Road in the early 20th century
Brookley Road in the early 20th century

He purchased the site in 1769, along with nearby Roydon Manor in 1771, and replaced an existing Elizabethan farmhouse with a palatial Georgian structure which itself gave way in the late-1950s to the present building.

New Park is a short distance to the north of Brockenhurst, and like the New Forest, is not ‘new’ at all. In fact, a reference to New Park was first noted in 1484 when the name was used to differentiate it from Lyndhurst Old Park, a medieval deer park with even greater pedigree. New Park was a favourite hunting lodge of King Charles II who in 1670 extended the grounds to accommodate a herd of red deer brought over from France.

Brockenhurst’s growth, though, from a tiny hamlet to today’s substantially sized village, was more closely associated with improved transport links, than with church, parks or manor houses.

First, in 1765, the turnpike arrived in Brockenhurst. Operated by The Lymington, Lyndhurst and Rumbridge Turnpike Trust, this road ran along the route of the current A337, and by 1789, Richardson, King and Driver show numerous properties dotted along the roadside, including the Rose and Crown Alehouse.

Then along came the railway. Opened in 1847 as part of the Southampton to Dorchester line, the railway brought an influx of visitors from towns along the route, and significantly stimulated business and housing expansion - by 1901, the 1841 population of 928 had increased to 1,585.

Growth, though, was relatively slow. The 1870s Ordnance Survey map continues to show a relatively sparsely populated area, although by the time of the 1898 and 1909 maps, the layout of much of today’s village is evident, particularly around the station and the part of Brookley Road that now forms the main shopping street. Notice on all three maps that the Watersplash is marked as a 'ford'.

And whilst the old parish church, located ½ kilometre (1/3 mile) from the new village centre, did not move with the people, another church, St. Saviour’s, was built. Construction started in 1895, and the church hosted its first congregation in 1905. Services continue to be shared between ‘old’ and ‘new’ churches.

The Balmer Lawn Hotel in the early 20th century
The Balmer Lawn Hotel in the early 20th century

During the First World War, wounded soldiers from the trenches were brought to Brockenhurst to be treated in hospitals set up in some of the village’s larger houses and hotels, and in fields near the old parish church. Many of the troops were from around the British Empire, from Australia, Canada, India and New Zealand. Indeed, the graves of almost 100 New Zealanders can be found in the parish churchyard, not far from the grave of Brusher Mills, the renowned New Forest snake-catcher.

Brockenhurst played its part, too, in the Second World War. The Balmer Lawn Hotel, for example, was pressed into service, first as a Staff College, then as the Divisional Headquarters of the Royal Marine Infantry Division, and later for planning the invasion of Normandy.

Brockenhurst today thrives as a popular residential area and New Forest visitor destination. And, of course, history continues to be made.

Find out more about Brockenhurst's fascinating history

and finally, find out about Brockenhurst's history as revealed on these old maps

and in these old pictures

References:
Hampshire Place Names: Richard Coates
Domesday Book: General Editor, John Morris
Brockenhurst Parish Council: http://www.nfdc.gov.uk/index.cfm?articleid=504
Country House History around Lymington, Brockenhurst and Milford-on-Sea:
Blake Pinnell

Brockenhurst Park information board
History of Highcliffe: http://www.highcliffevillage.co.uk/history/railways2.htm
Hampshire County Council

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New Forest seasonal highlights
January
Honeysuckle, an early harbinger of spring, shows signs of new growth.
Bird sounds - great tit calls and mistle thrush song, for example - are increasingly heard as the days lengthen and spring rapidly approaches.
Foxes breed during the early months of the year. Their presence is betrayed by barks after darkness falls.


February
Great grey shrikes hunt over heathland from tree-top vantage points and other perches.
Grey squirrels are often best seen in winter when deciduous trees are devoid of leaves.
Red Admirals and other butterflies that over-winter as adults may be on the wing on warm, bright days.
Roe deer
antlers continue to develop - they are cast and re-grown annually.
New Forest ponies
New Forest ponies in the road
New Forest ponies, cattle, pigs, sheep and donkeys are a popular part of the New Forest scene, but in 2015, 55 were killed on the roads.
Always take care when driving
New Forest 'what's on' - a small
selection of local events and activities
January 2018
Saturday, 6th - Lyndhurst Community Centre, New Forest Book Fair, 10.00am - 4.00pm.
Friday, 19th - Brockenhurst Village Hall, Film Night - Moviola Presents Dunkirk (12A), 7.00pm - 10.30pm.
Saturday, 20th - New Forest Centre - Lyndhurst, Fundraising Book Sale, 10.00am - 3.00pm.
Sunday, 28th - Lyndhurst Community Centre, New Forest National Park Volunteer Fair, 10.30am - 4.00pm.

February 2018
Saturday and Sunday, 3rd and 4th - Lyndhurst Community Centre, 'Kidnapped at Christmas', a play performed by members of Lyndhurst Drama and Musical Society.
Monday, 5th to Tuesday, 20th - Sir Harold Hillier Gardens, Romsey, Art Exhibition presented by the New Forest Art Society, 10.00am - 4.00pm (final day 3.00pm).
For further details, view the full New Forest What's on programme.
Content produced by Andrew Walmsley
Content produced by Andrew Walmsley