New Forest
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New Forest
Explorers Guide
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Pony near Hampton Ridge
For comprehensive information about the New Forest National Park
For comprehensive information about the New Forest National Park

New Forest butterflies - an introduction

New Forest butterflies - a brimstone
New Forest butterflies - a brimstone
on late summer thistles

Many people have a soft spot for butterflies, for unlike many insects they're colourfully attractive creatures that in most cases do little harm to man's interests.

Indeed, who can fail to be impressed by the first butterflies of the year, those that over-winter as adults and emerge on warm January and February days as welcome heralds of the spring?

Then in April, bright yellow brimstones and gaudy peacocks fly amongst carpets of bluebells, adding a splash of colour and contrast to the woodland greens and blues.

In July, silver-washed fritillaries fly powerfully along New Forest woodland rides, stopping every so often to gorge on nectar from the bramble blossoms, keeping company with small skippers, large skippers, gatekeepers, ringlets, meadow browns, and early, second generation brimstones.   

At around the same time on the summer heaths, countless thousands of tiny silver-studded blues flit above the heather, after in their early life stages living in harmony with attendant ants. And later in that same month, graylings start to appear on the heaths before their main, slightly later, emergence.

Consider also the miracle of butterfly migration, the staggering annual journeys completed by painted ladies and clouded yellows, fragile visitors each year to Britain, insects that cross the seas from mainland Europe, and even farther afield, to grace our shores.

Yes, butterflies are fascinating, beautiful creatures that have the potential to make even the dullest heart leap, to reinforce again and again the glories of nature.

Here in the New Forest, butterfly enthusiast and casual observer alike will find much to please.

And never mind that past commercial forestry activities, misguided bramble removal programmes and access to the woodland inclosures by commoners' stock have substantially reduced numbers and variety compared to the truly outstanding days of the late 19th century, and the still-impressive years of the first half of the 20th century.

A migrant Painted Lady at rest on heather
A migrant Painted Lady at rest on heather

Lessons have been learnt, and in recent times forestry activities have been more sympathetic to wildlife generally and butterflies in particular, whilst a number of New Forest Keepers take a special interest in the butterflies on their patch, and manage habitats accordingly.

Today, of the sixty or so resident and regular migrant species found in Britain, almost forty occur in the New Forest. Some are widespread and abundant, others relatively scarce and unlikely to be encountered without a diligent search or a huge slice of luck.

Some are particularly associated with the heathlands, others with the broad-leaved forestry inclosures. Smaller numbers can be seen in the ancient, unenclosed woodlands, whilst even the wetter areas of valley mire attract over-flying individuals.

There are some real beauties, too, stunning creatures such as the white admiral, green hairstreak and marbled white: and a variety of rarities, or at least species that are relatively scarce in many places elsewhere. Look out in particular for those heathland silver-studded blues and in the woods for pearl-bordered fritillaries and small pearl-bordered fritillaries.

Enjoy the sight of them all, and maybe take the time to discover something of their often fascinating lives.

Find out more about New Forest butterflies

Getting started

Some notable New Forest butterflies

Butterflies of the New Forest coast - an introduction to the butterflies of Keyhaven, Pennington, Normandy and Hurst
Green hairstreak - a scarce heathland butterfly
Large skipper - widespread and relatively abundant
Marbled white - in Hampshire, more at home on chalk downland
Painted Lady - a beautiful visitor to the New Forest
Pearl-bordered fritillary - a rarity in many places elsewhere
Red admiral - a large, strikingly marked insect
Silver-studded blue - a gem of the New Forest heaths
Silver-washed fritillary - abundant in many of the July woodlands
Speckled wood - combative woodland creatures
White admiral - always a treat to encounter

New Forest Insects - a photographic guide

If you have an interest in New Forest insects - butterflies, dragonflies and damselflies, beetles, bugs or just about anything else - look out for the photographic guide (published in May 2011) produced by local expert Paul Brock.

Look out, also, for Paul's new book, A Comprehensive Guide to the Insects of Britain and Ireland, which was published in spring 2014.

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** New Forest ponies and other animals**
New Forest ponies in the road
Commoners' ponies, cattle, pigs, sheep and donkeys are a popular part of the New Forest scene, but during 2019 agisters attended 159 road traffic accidents involving these animals, a disappointing increase on the 154 accidents attended in 2018.

Outrageously, 58 animals were killed - 35 ponies, 13 cattle, 8 donkeys and 2 sheep, whilst a further 32 were injured - 3 pigs, 9 donkeys, 11 cows and 9 ponies.
** Always take care when driving **
New Forest seasonal highlights
Honeysuckle, an early harbinger of spring, shows signs of new growth.
Bird sounds - great tit calls and mistle thrush song, for example, are increasingly heard as the days lengthen and spring rapidly approaches.
Foxes breed during the early months of the year. Their presence is betrayed by barks after darkness falls.

Great grey shrikes hunt over heathland from tree-top vantage points and other perches.
Grey squirrels are often best seen in winter when deciduous trees are devoid of leaves.
Red Admirals and other butterflies that over-winter as adults may be on the wing on warm, bright days.
Roe deer
antlers continue to develop - they are cast and re-grown annually.
New Forest 'what's on' - a small
selection of local events and activities
January 2020
Friday, 10th to Sunday, 12th - Brockenhurst Village Hall, Brockenhurst Players present - Cinderella and the Velvet Slipper.
Saturday, 11th to Sunday, 8th March - New Forest Heritage Centre, Lyndhurst, New Forest Camera Club Exhibition, 10.00am - 4.00pm.
Saturday, 18th - Lyndhurst Community Centre, New Forest Book Fair, 10.00am - 4.00pm.
Friday, 24th - Friends of St Barbe, Lymington; Reverends, Royalty and Robberies - a talk by Sarah Newman, 7.30pm - 8.30pm.

February 2020
Saturday and Sunday, 1st and 2nd; Saturday and Sunday, 8th and 9th - Vernon Theatre, Sandy Lane, Lyndhurst - Lyndhurst Drama and Musical Society present Aladdin.
Friday, 28th - Brockenhurst Village Hall, Singer / Songwriter, John Adams, 8.00pm - 11.30pm.

For further details, view the full New Forest What's on programme.
Content produced by Andrew Walmsley
Content produced by Andrew Walmsley