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Parkhill and the Lime Wood Hotel

The original Parkhill Hotel from an old postcard
The original Parkhill Hotel from an old postcard

Parkhill takes its name from Lyndhurst Old Park, a deer park established more than 700 years ago. Yet whilst located in an isolated position 2.5 kilometres (1½ miles) south-east of Lyndhurst, Parkhill has a long history of habitation.

The late-18th century Richardson, King and Driver map of the New Forest shows Pond Head Farm on the site, occupying land granted by lease from the Crown, but by 1781 it is thought that a separate house was also present.

Used in the first half of the 19th century by a Mr. Sturgeon, this modestly proportioned property was rather dismissively described as: ‘very small…with just a drawing room and dining room’.

But the Sturgeons were not a conventional family of the time, for Mr. Sturgeon’s mother, a Lady, no less, married her footman and dropped her title, whilst on Mr. Sturgeon’s death, the house passed into the hands of one of his servant’s sons, a man named Tate, who farmed the fields and often let the house.
 
By 1855, however, the house or tenant, Lindesay Shedden, Esq., was of sufficient stature to be included amongst directory lists of local dignitaries.

Tate eventually sold in 1857 to Captain William Morant, keeper for a number of seasons of the New Forest Hounds, who considerably enlarged the property and is said to have ‘made a nice house of it’.

By the time of the 1870s Ordnance Survey map, Parkhill had replaced Pond Head Farm on the site. Pondhead Farm is shown in its current, nearby location, close to Parkhill Lawn, replacing properties that Richardson, King and Driver marked as incroachments on the Forest, that is, land occupied without the consent of the authorities.

In 1877, William Morant sold the place to Mr. Smith H. Wright, who first let and then sold it to Mr. Willingham Franklin Rawnsley.

Mr. Willingham Rawnsley set up a preparatory school for boys. T.S. Elliott was a master and pupils included at least minor royalty, as can be seen from a late 19th century local newspaper report:

‘On Monday, this district was honoured with a Royal visitor in the person of Her Royal Highness the Duchess of Albany, who paid a visit to Park Hill, where her son, the young Duke of Albany, is being educated. The Duchess, attended by Sir Robert Collins and Miss Royle, travelled from Esher in a saloon carriage attached to the 9.15 am train from Waterloo, reaching Lyndhurst Road (Ashurst) at 11.32. There the party was met by Mr. and Mrs. W. F. Rawnsley and the little Duke…’

Parkhill Hotel - another view of the old building
Parkhill Hotel - another view of the old building

Mr. Rawnsley’s wife, Mrs. Willingham Rawnsley – in the custom of the time, she used her husband’s name - immortalised the area around Parkhill in a 1904 book detailing the local flora and fauna. Much remains as then, including nightjars that still in mid-summer hunt along the nearby woodland rides.

The Rawnsleys left in around 1902, but the school continued for a further 18 years, managed by a Mr. Ridout. Private use followed, and in the 1920s considerable further improvements were undertaken by the owner, Sir Stephen Leach.

The house eventually became a hotel and restaurant, although during the Second World War it was requisitioned for use by the Hampshire Fire Service and for ‘D’ Day planning.

Refurbishment, re-building and the addition of substantial new facilities has been completed in recent years and the complex, now called Lime Wood, operates as a 'boutique country house hotel'.

For many years, the main access route to Parkhill was along a driveway leading from Beechen Lane, a track running off the A337 Lyndhurst to Brockenhurst road. Now, however, the main way in is from the Beaulieu Road; and the track from Beechen Lane is given over to walkers. For occasional short stretches, though, the old road surface pushes through encroaching vegetation, bearing testimony to previous generations of travellers.

References:
Lyndhurst Historical Society publications: Roy Jackman
Local Directories, Census records and ‘Of what I remember of Lyndhurst and the neighbourhood nearly fifty years ago: Mrs. R. Bowden-Smith’, all courtesy of the Christopher Tower New Forest Reference Library
Lyndhurst – A Brief History and Guide: Georgina Babey and Peter Roberts
The New Forest: Painted and described by Mrs. Willingham Rawnsley

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** New Forest ponies **
New Forest ponies in the road
Ponies, cattle, pigs, sheep and donkeys are a popular part of the New Forest scene, but during the first six months of 2018, 36 animals were killed or injured on Forest roads, compared with 26 in the same period in 2017, a shocking rise of 38%. And in the full year, 63 animals were killed on the roads compared to 56 in 2017.
** Always take care when driving **
New Forest 'what's on' - a small
selection of local events and activities
June 2019
Friday, 7th - Lyndhurst, Verderers' Hall Open Day, 11.00am - 3.00pm.
Friday, 21st - Exbury Gardens, The Secret Garden - open air performance, 7.00pm.
New Forest Gardens open to the public in 2019 through the National Garden Scheme

July 2019
Thursday, Friday and Saturday, 4th, 5th and 6th - Burley Village Hall, Burley Players' summer production (Amateur Dramatics), 7.30pm.
Friday, 12th - Brockenhurst Village Hall, Film night, Wild Rose (15), 7.00pm - 10.30pm.
Wednesday, 24th - New Forest Reptile Centre, Wild Wednesday, 10.30am - 3.30pm. (Forestry Commission event).

For further details, view the full New Forest What's on programme.
Content produced by Andrew Walmsley
Content produced by Andrew Walmsley