New Forest
 - Explorers
New Forest
Explorers Guide
Wildlife composite image
Pony near Hampton Ridge
For comprehensive information about the New Forest National Park
For comprehensive information about the New Forest National Park
***** For information about New Forest access restrictions and related matters, check out the Forestry England website. *****

Common spotted-orchid and Heath spotted-orchid
(Dactylorhiza fuchsii and Dactylorhiza maculata)

Both common spotted-orchids and heath spotted-orchids occur in the New Forest. They are so similar in appearance that separating the two can sometimes be a challenge, particularly as both are variable in size, flower shape, colour and markings; and hybridisation between the two, and other species, occurs.

Heath spotted-orchid

Where: These plants typically occur on heathland
When: June - July  
How many: Common and widespread
Heath spotted-orchid
Heath spotted-orchid

Heath spotted-orchids are the commonest of the New Forest orchids. Abundant and widespread throughout much of the area, they favour the acid, heathland-type soils so prevalent in the New Forest. Look out for them particularly in June, which is the main flowering month.

In fertile soil, heath spotted-orchids grow to a height of 45 centimetres (18 inches), although New Forest plants are often considerably shorter, and have a sometimes dense, conical spike of pale pink, blooms clustered around the tip.

Heath spotted-orchid colours range from pale purple, through to white with small pink spots. The lower lip is three-lobed - the side lobes tend to be rounded, and sometimes notched, whilst the triangular central lobe is considerably smaller than that of its outer neighbours.

Narrow, pointed leaves, most prominent in a cluster around the base of the plant, are usually lightly marked with small, distinctive dark blotches.

Common spotted-orchid

Where: Typically on grassland
When: June - July  
How many: Quite common / widespread
Common spotted-orchid
Common spotted-orchid

The very similar, closely related common spotted-orchid, flowers at around the same time as the heath spotted-orchid, but occurs only in modest numbers, primarily in areas of relatively acid grassland.

Look out for relatively broad leaves at the base of the plant; more extensive, broader spotting; and on the lower lip, a triangular central lobe that is slightly longer than the outer lobes.

Wild Orchids of Hampshire and the Isle of Wight: Martin N. Jenkinson
The Flora of Hampshire: Anne Brewis, Paul Bowman and Francis Rose
Britain's Orchids: David Lang
The Englishman’s Flora: Geoffrey Grigson

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** New Forest ponies and other animals**
The New Forest
Commoners' ponies, cattle, pigs, sheep and donkeys are a popular part of the New Forest scene, but during 2019 agisters attended 159 road traffic accidents involving these animals, a small but disappointing increase on the 154 accidents attended in 2018.

Sadly, 58 animals were killed - 35 ponies, 13 cows, 8 donkeys and 2 sheep, whilst a further 32 were injured - 3 pigs, 9 donkeys, 11 cows and 9 ponies.

(Forty-three accidents occurred in daylight, 15 at twilight and 101 in the dark. Twenty-seven accidents were not reported by the driver involved).

Here's just one horrific example - Three donkeys killed in collision with van at notorious New Forest blackspot (Advertiser and Times)
** Always take care when driving **
Content produced by Andrew Walmsley
Content produced by Andrew Walmsley